MSTP operation with 802.1Q VLANs

As indicated in the preceding sections, within a given MST instance, a single spanning tree is configured for all VLANs included in that instance. This means that if redundant physical links exist in separate VLANs within the same instance, MSTP blocks all but one of those links. However, you can prevent the bandwidth loss caused by blocked redundant links for different VLANs in an instance by using a port trunk. The following example shows how you can use a port trunk with 802.1Q (tagged) VLANs and MSTP without unnecessarily blocking any links or losing any bandwidth.